Waste suitable for compost
A wide range of household materials are suitable for composting. Composting is possible for leaves, small twigs, fruits, nuts, egg shells, grass, hay, manure, small wood waste (bark, sawdust), kitchen waste and even paper.
However, some materials tend to be more difficult to decompose, so additional measures are needed.
Sawdust, if composted separately, take a long time to decompose. Therefore, it is best to compost them in separate piles or to mix them with extremely fragile materials. Similarly, tree bark should be paired with bird droppings. Grass is a highly biodegradable material, but it is worth remembering that it should not be added to compost as soon as it is cut. It is advisable to chop larger grass. Freshly cut grass should be slightly wilted to prevent it from rotting and fermenting.
You can also compost office paper and cardboard, but make sure it is color-free. It needs to be prepared properly – crushed and moistened, then layered well with other materials, with only a very thin layer of paper.
It is said that weeds with mature seeds are not recommended for composting and this is partly true. If you just put such weeds in the compost, the seeds will germinate and the plants will expand. It is recommended to keep the weeds in water or exposed to high temperatures for 10 days – covered with a clear film on the ground. If the days were sunny, after a few weeks of temperature the seeds would lose their germination and become safe for composting.
Similar warnings apply to some kitchen waste, like meat. Composting these materials can lead to rotting and also attracts rodents. You can avoid this by filling the meat with a thick amount of ground.
Household waste suitable for compost
Fruit and vegetable pieces
Peel of fruits and vegetables
Coffee grounds and their filters
Wood ash and coal
Cardboard and other paper products, torn paper, egg trays
Natural litter of domestic rodents (hamster, guinea pig)
Leaves of plants
Young weeds (without mature seeds).
Not used for compost
Waste plastic or synthetic
Feces in dogs and cats
Weeds containing mature seeds